Even though most feline infectious diseases only affect cats, some of the diseases may be transmitted from cats to humans. While not comprehensive, this report highlights the most common zoonotic diseases that could be carried by cats and simple precautions you can take to lower your risk of contracting these diseases.
Can cat diseases be transmitted to humans? Here 3 common cat disease
Roundworm eggs within an infected cat’s feces, if ingested by someone, produce a pig which may migrate into a human brain, liver, lung or eye. If the worm invades the eye, permanent blindness may result. The danger of roundworm is greater for children, who may eat dirt infected by roundworms, manage animal feces, and fail washing their hands prior to touching their faces. Based on the number of roundworms are ingested, symptoms in individuals might be nonexistent or include abdominal pain, vomiting or nausea. A physician can prescribe antiparasitic medication to deal with the problem.
Ringworm and Rabies
It’s a common fungal disease in cats which can be transmitted to humans by direct contact with a cats fur or skin. Contracted from spores that grow in hot, humid environments, from bedding to brushes, or on another infected animal, ringworm will bring about bald circular patches in your cat. Its skin may be dry or greasy, and when its claws are infected, they are malformed. In humans, the disease causes ring-like lesions. While ringworm in cats will heal itself over time, infected individuals can apply OTC antifungal creams or powders, and keep skin clean and dry.
Though most cases of rabies in humans result in contact with bats or raccoons, any mammal, such as dogs and cats, can have the rabies virus (Rhabdoviridae), which is why rabies vaccinations for pets are so important. If you are bitten by an animal you think is rabid, immediately wash the bite with soap and warm water and a commercial antiseptic like iodine; then seek medical care. A series of vaccinations administered within a month will see to the virus, which is always fatal if untreated. If the cat’s rabies shots aren’t up to date or if it has not been vaccinated, it ought to be quarantined for 45 days and observed for signs of rabies.
Cat Scratch Fever
Known as cat scratch fever or cat scratch disease, bartonellis is a bacterial disease which may be transmitted between humans and animals. Humans get it out of ticks or when scratched or bitten by an infected cat. Infected cats can run a fever or have swollen glands. Infected individuals may get swollen lymph nodes, fever, and headaches; those generally get better on their own, even though it could take several months. Individuals with compromised immune systems face a greater threat from cat scratch fever and should find out whether the cat that bit or scratched them has this disorder.
Fighting cat disorders takes common sense and cleanliness. Always wash your hands after touching your cat and adhere to a normal flea-control program. Carefully manage your cat’s litter box, preventing soil contaminated by feces. After these few tips will greatly lessen your chances of catching any diseases from the feline buddy.